Gazetted Officers are executive / managerial / supervisorial level ranked public servants in India. Authority for a gazetted officer to issue an official stamp comes from the President of India or the Governors of States. To that effect, they are de jure representatives and delegates of the Indian State and the President.
The Gazette of India is published on a regular basis by the Directorate of Printing, Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India.It is an official Central Government or State Government publication, which publishes the appointments or promotions of certain government officials. An officer or public servant, who is appointed under the seal of the Governor at State level or by the President of India at the national level (and in the Union Territories), requires being listed in the Indian Gazette or State Government Gazette and is considered to be a Gazetted Officer. If a person's name is published in the Gazette, he/she is called Gazetted. Many are honorary Justices of the Peace and have the same standing as some of the Magistrates. Such officers, among other functions, have the power to verify the documents for academic, immigration and other purposes.
The Government of India or the Government of States in India classifies public employees into Group A (Gazetted/Executive), B (Gazetted), B (Non-Gazetted), C and D. Earlier classification was Class I (Gazetted), II (Gazetted), II (Non-Gazetted), III and IV. Class I or Group A is the highest rank class and the Class IV or Group D is the least. The Government of India has plans to merge Group D into Group C.Class I and II (Gazetted) belong to the class of officers whose transfers, appointments, promotions and superannuation are published on a yearly basis in the official gazette of State or Union Government.
- Class I or Group A (Gazetted)
- These officials belong to the managerial or highest class of government servants.
- Examples - Commissioned officers of the Indian Armed Forces, Bureaucrats from the All India Servicesand the Central Civil Services, Scientists in ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIRetc.
- Class II or Group B (Gazetted)
- Examples - Junior Commissioned Officers in the Indian Armed Forces, Officers in State Civil Services etc.
- Class II or Group B (Non-Gazetted)
- Examples - Office executives and office supervisors, Inspectors in State and Central Police services etc.
- Class III or Group C
- Public servants in non-supervisory roles.
- Examples - Head clerks / Section heads, Police Head Constables, Typists, Stenographers, Tax Assistants, Telephone operators, Havildar and Naik or equivalent in the Armed Forces etc.
- Class IV or Group D
- Manual workers (skilled or semi-skilled).
- Examples - Peons, Sweepers etc
Who can certify documents
- Attestation of copies of original documents: Group A and B (Gazetted) public servant officers
- Character certificate, Police records verification: Group A officers.
- Citizenship certification: Group A officers, certification is limited to very few officials such as Sub-Divisional Magistrate etc.
Officers who are in category II of Group B, but are not in possession of any significant administrative position are categorized as Non-Gazetted officers. Also, personnel falling under the category of class III and IV are not gazetted. They do not have the personal authority to issue an official stamp on behalf of the Government. Further, employees serving in Nationalized Banks and PSUs are not gazetted.
Officer on Special Duty (India)
The practice dates back to the British colonial rule in India, and was explained to the Central Legislative Assembly by a government spokesman in 1931 as follows:
"...There are two principal critieria in appointing an OSD in the civil services -
- When an officer by his appointment bring far greater economic benefit to the government than that spent in his appointment
- When there is an obligation on the government to take a certain action for the benefit of the larger good..."
It is also sometimes used as a training post for a future higher level posting. For example, when S.Ranganathan was appointed the Comptoller and Auditor General, he was first appointed as an OSD to understudy the outgoing CAG A.K.Roy and subsequently given charge.
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