Serchhip district
District of Mizoram
Location of Serchhip district in Mizoram
Location of Serchhip district in Mizoram
CountryIndia
StateMizoram
HeadquartersSerchhip
Government
Lok Sabha constituenciesMizoram
• Assembly seats3
Area
• Total1,422 km2(549 sq mi)
Population (2011)
• Total64,937
• Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demographics
Literacy97.91%
• Sex ratio977 per thousand
WebsiteOfficial website

Serchhip District is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district occupies an area of 1421.60 km². Serchhiptown is the administrative headquarters of the district. This district came into existence on 15 September 1998, being carved out of the larger Aizawl District. Because of the way it was created it includes part of East Lungdar Tehsil and part of Thingsulthliah Tehsil.)

As of 2011 census, it has the highest literacy rate in India, and is the second least populous district of Mizoram (out of 7), afterSaiha.


Geography

The district is bounded on the north and northwest by Aizawl District, on the west and south by Lunglei District, on the southeast by Myanmar (Burma), and on the east by Champhai District.

The district is mostly a hilly terrain with some alluvial benches along its rivers that are utilized for agriculture. Serchhip District lies between the Mat River and the Tuikum River. The Tuikum is utilized for public drinking water for the town of Serchhip and the Mat provides irrigation water to Zawlpui, considered the "rice bowl" of Serchhip. Vantawng Falls, the highest waterfall in Mizoram, is located in the district about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of the town of Thenzawl on the Lau River.

With an average elevation 888 metres (2,913 ft), the average annual daily temperature ranges from 15 °C to 27 °C and the rainfall is moderate.

Administration and divisions

The district is administered by a deputy commissioner whose office is in the town of Serchhiphas. There are three sub-divisions (townships or tehsils)), Serchhip Sadar, North Vanlaiphai and Thenzawl, with forty-one villages.

There are three legislative assembly constituencies in this district: Tuikum, Hrangturzo and Serchhip.Three villages in Aizawl District are included in Tuikum Constituency, namely Darlawng, Phulmawi and Tlungvel. Hrangturzo Constituency includes the town of Biate which is located in Champhai District.

Major towns in this district are Serchhip, Thenzawl and North Vanlaiphai. The other sub-towns are Chhingchhip and East Lungdar. The notable villages include Hriangtlang and Lungpho.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Serchhip district has a population of 64,937, roughly equal to the nation of Marshall Islands.This gives it a ranking of 626th in India (out of a total of 640). Approximately a third of the population live in and around the town of Serchhip. The district has a population density of 46 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.56%. Serchhip has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 97.91%. Most of the population is engaged in agricultural pursuits.

Flora and Fauna

In 1991 the area became home to the Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 35 km².

In Serchhip district there are a few places of historical importance which are included in the traditional folklores of Mizoram as well as tourist interests, some of them are:

i) Vantawngkhawhthla: The Vantawng Falls is the most renowned waterfall in the Indian state of Mizoram. It is located in the south direction of the sub-division of Thenzawl, on the river named Lau. The altitude of..tbe waterfall is 220 meters.The structure of the waterfall is very appealing; it is like a seven floored cliff. The name of the waterfall has been derived from the name of Vantawnga, who was an illustrious swimmer. His death occurred in the waterfall itself, when he was hit by a huge log carried down by the water of the waterfall. It is about 40 Kms away from Serchhip.

ii) Lung Vando: Around skms towards the North of E.Lungdar, there stands an erected stone called Lungvando. It is around a stone measuring 3.8ft in its spherical and 7.5ft high. Nothing is written on the stone and the person who erected the stone is also not known. Lungvando is mentioned in one of the tales of Mizo. It is said that once upon a time, the height of the Stone touched the sky and Phungpui (a female monster) used to lull her baby near the stone. But her baby was killed while she wasaway and so she shook the stone and broke it into pieces which fell into the northern and southern parts of Mualcheng.

iii) Thlanro: It was built by Sialhau Chief Sangviala around 1931 in memory of her daughter. It is one of the most famous and magnificent grave in Mizoram. It was made of well-shaped stones with a curved rooftop. Around ten men can sit inside the grave. in this grave, the descendants of Sailo tribe used to put the dead bodies of their relatives. Their mortal remains were kept in separate chamber constructed for the purpose. The bones in this chamber can still be seen.

iv) LersiaKelkhumPuk: On the central part of Kelkhumtlang, there is a cliff which cuts through the mountains. On that cliff, there is a cave which is 2ft wide and 11ft deep. The goats of Lersia used that cave for night lodging, and so the name is called LersiaKelkhumPuk.

v) SanpohPuk: The Mizo Chief Lalkhuma's(Hniarvungpa) traces could be seen in Vanlaiphai and its surrounding areas. The skeletons of their ancestor have beed preserved by Saihnuna in this so called SanpohPuk which is still well-looked-after today.

vi) ChawngchilhiPuk: The story of Chawngchilhi is one of the most famous stories in the history of Mizo. It is said that Chawngchilhi fell in love with a giant snake and she was impregnated by the snake. The cave was used by Chawngchilhi and the snake to spend time together. This cave is located between Thenzawl and Buangpui on the roadside. The hole of the snake can also be seen.

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